toss (Slang) - masturbate

Saint Patrick + Roman Catholic - a member or adherent of the Roman Church.

double jointed - having joints that permit exceptional degrees of freedom. People use the term double jointed to describe people who can bend their joints excessively + joyed

janitor - a door-keeper, porter, ostiary + progenitor + Janus geminus - double Janus or two headed Janus; old Italian deity, god of beginnings and passages.

grandfer - grandfather

someone's right hand does not know what his left hand is doing - one part of organization or group does not know what another part is doing and because of this difficulties arise + William Shakespeare: Venus and Adonis 158: 'Can thy right hand seize love upon thy left?' + Matthew 6:3: 'let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth'.

Caoimhghein (kivgin) (gael) - Comely-birth; anglic. Kevin

doat - imbecile; to be infatuatedly fond of + dote (Anglo-Irish) - a term of endearment (especially for a child; also spelled 'doat').

cherub - an angel of high rank

chalk - to draw with a chalk

ogre - a man-eating monster, usually represented as a hideous giant (in folk-lore and fairy tales) + ancient Irish Ogham alphabet.

tricks + knick knacks - a trinket + bag of tricks - stock of resources.

Postman's Knock - a simple game played by groups of children or teenagers in which one person is chosen to be the "postman", goes outside and knocks on the door. Another person is chosen by the rest of the group to answer the door, and pays for the "letter" with a kiss. Then another person is chosen to be postman, etc.

diggings - lodgings, quarters + (midden heap).

seep - moisture that drips or oozes out; a sip of liquor + zeep (Dutch) - soap + milksop - a weak or effeminate person + sleep.

lieve = lief - gladly; dear, beloved + leave + Thomas Moore, song: Lay His Sword by His Side [air: If the Sea Were Ink] + (leave Isolde by his side).

laus (l) - thanks, gratitude + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 32: 'law sakes' (interjection).

Knirps (ger) - kid

Diairmin (d'irmin) (gael) - little Diarmaid, anglic. Jerry

tartan - a kind of woollen cloth woven in stripes of various colours crossing at right angles so as to form a regular pattern; worn chiefly by the Scottish Highlanders + tar - asphalt + tan - to make dark or tawny in colour + tarrantach (tarontokh) (gael) - attractive.

playboy + plaid - a woolen fabric with a tartan pattern.

incostive = costive - confined in the bowels, constipated; slow or reluctant in action + encaustum (l) - purple red ink used by later Roman emperors.

ink + dinkum - work; esp. hard work; dinkum oil (the honest truth, true facts).

laving - washing, bathing

blue streak - something resembling a flash of lightning in speed, vividness, etc.; a constant stream of words

birthday suit - bare skin + bourse - the money-market.

Children of Mary - Catholic girls' association + TDV: Hetty Jane's a child of Mary. + "It was always a great affair, the Misses Morkan's annual dance. Everybody who knew them came to it, members of the family, old friends of the family, the members of Julia's choir, any of Kate's pupils that were grown up enough, and even some of Mary Jane's pupils too." (The Dead)

Mary Jane, 'The Dead': "For years and years it had gone off in splendid style as long as anyone could remember; ever since Kate and Julia, after the death of their brother Pat, had left the house in Stoney Batter and taken Mary Jane, their only niece, to live with them in the dark, gaunt house on Usher's Island, the upper part of which they had rented from Mr Fulham, the corn-factor on the ground floor. That was a good thirty years ago if it was a day. Mary Jane, who was then a little girl in short clothes, was now the main prop of the household, for she had the organ in Haddington Road. She had been through the Academy and gave a pupils' concert every year in the upper room of the Ancient Concert Rooms."

torch - a light carried in the hand + touch + Litany of Blessed Virgin Mary: 'House of Gold, Tower of Ivory' (associated with Eileen in A Portrait I) + tour (French) - tower.

rekindle - to kindle again, arouse again

felix (l) - happy + O felix culpa! + Phoenix.

*J* [note the similarity of names with Hetty Jane (*I*)]

let down - to lenghten (a garment) + TDV: And Essie Shanahan has let down her skirts. 'Twould delight your heart to see.

Luna (l) - moon + Our Lady's.

convent - monastery

ruddy - red, reddish + red berry - any of several N. American plants.

pia (l) - tender + pia e pura bella - Vico's Latin catch-phrase for holy wars: 'pious and pure wars'.

riot - disorder, tumult, esp. on the part of the populace; (orig. Theatr.) som. extremely successful or amusing; spec. an uproariously successful performance or show, a 'smash hit'.

Thomas Moore: You Remember Ellen (song): 'You remember Ellen, our hamlet's pride' [air: Were I a Clerk]

designate - marked out for office or position, appointed or nominated, but not yet installed

WILLIAMS AND WOODS, LTD - Manufacturing confectioners and preserve makers, 204-206 Great Britain (now Parnell) Street. It advertised its preserves as "Purity Jams."

poster - to affix poster to

pouter - one who pouts + pout - to thrust out or protrude the lips + (pouting lips, red from jam).

jamb - each of the side posts of a doorway, window, or chimney-piece, upon which rests the lintel

rep - reputation; repertoar

leannoir (lanor) (gael) - brewer + Katti Lanner - famous 19th century Austrian-British ballet dancer and choreographer (Ulysses.15.4044: 'The Katty Lanner step').

taborin - a small drum + Tabarin was the street name assumed by the most famous of the Parisian street charlatans, Anthoine Girard (c. 1584 – 1633), who amused his audiences in the Place Dauphine by farcical dialogue with his brother Philippe (as Mondor), with whom he reaped a golden harvest by the sale of quack medicines for several years after 1618. Street theatre was popular theatre, on an improvised stage with a curtain backdrop, to the music of a hurdy-gurdy and a set of viols.

tam tam - tom tom + tom tommer - one who beats tom-tom or drum.

whirligig - a fickle, inconstant, giddy, or flighty person + whirligigs (Slang) - testicles + 'Mr Whirligig Magee' or song 'The Ball of Whirligig Magee'.

cachucha - a gay Andalusian solo dance done with castanets

flat - absolute, downright, plain

dilate - expand + delight

aisy (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - easy + TDV: Aisy now, you decent man, with your knees and lie quiet and repose your honour's lordship!

Zekiel Irons - parish clerk and fisherman in Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's The House by the Churchyard

spoor - to track by a spoor (the trace, track, or trail of a person or animal, esp. of wild animals pursued as game)

McCarthy, Demetrius O'Flanagan - subject of a song. He took the floor at Enniscorthy.

cork - to stop (a bottle, cask, etc.) with a cork; and so to confine or shut up (the contents of a bottle, etc.)

swamp - to swallow up

Portobello - district of Dublin

float - to flood

Pomeroy - town, County Tyrone

fetch - to draw forth + 'večni pokoj, vječnaja pamjat' (Russian) = 'vechnyi pokoi, na vechnuyu pamyat' (faux Anglo-Russian) - "eternal peace, for eternal memory."

nayther (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - neither + Binn Éadair (Irish) - Howth.

angst - anxiety,anguish, guilt, remorse + Angst (ger) = angst (Dutch) - fear.

Avramovich (Russian) - son of Abraham

lumbus (l) - hip, loin + limbo + he slumbers.

mist - fog

swaddle 'em

misch- (ger) - mix + mish or, more correctly, miš (Serbian) - mouse.

lodge - to reside as an inmate in another person's house, paying a sum of money periodically in return for the accommodation afforded


pour on - to overspread with something poured, to suffuse fully

sleepy - inclined to sleep, somnolent

so be it - formerly used as a rendering of amen

Maurice Behan, Man Servant, *S* + TDV: I've an eye on queer Behan and Old old Kate and the milk buttermilk butter, trust me.

*K* + Miss Kate (and Miss Julia), 'The Dead': Joyce is partially basing these women on his own aunts, two actual Dubliners, the Misses Flynn, sisters who presided over a musical academy. In this light it is interesting to compare the word "tip" which accompanies Kate's appearances in Finnegans Wake and the sound of a branch hitting the bedroom windowpane signaling the coming morning with word 'tap' from The Dead, sound of the gravel Michael Furey throws against Gretta's bedroom window and the way Gabriel hears the snow coming against the hotel window "Gabriel's warm, trembling fingers tapped the cold pane of the window. How cool it must be outside! How pleasant it would be to walk out alone, first along by the river and then through the park! The snow would be lying on the branches of the trees and forming a bright cap on the top of the Wellington Monument."... "A few light taps upon the pane made him turn to the window. It had begun to snow again. He watched sleepily the flakes, silver and dark, falling obliquely against the lamplight."

burial - funeral + memorial - a structure erected to commemorate persons or events + muria (l) - salt liquor, brine, pickle.

tipper - one who tips (to render unsteady, make drunk, intoxicate; to drink off) + Tip (motif).

as sure as you're

put on - to push forward (the hands of a clock, the time) so as to make it appear later; Also in fig. allusion.

up a stump - blocked in one's efforts, nonplussed, perplexed [Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 32: 'up a stump']

shed - to rid oneself of (something not wanted or needed), cast off hair, skin, horn, or feathers → Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 20: 'The duke shed his coat and said he was all right now.'

remnant - that which remains or is left of a thing or things after the removal of a portion; a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold

sternwheel - a paddle-wheel placed at the stern of a small river or lake steamer → Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 19: 'and maybe see a steamboat coughing along up-stream, so far off towards the other side you couldn't tell nothing about her only whether she was a stern-wheel or side-wheel.

crawl - to move or progress very slowly, to drag along