rockbound - surrounded with rocks + In Arthurian legend, Merlin was entombed alive in a rock by Morgana La Faye. In Greek mythology, Prometheus was bound to a rock (his liver was eaten by a vulture during the day, but grew back at night).

(sound of wind and waves) in FW brackets are not only 'contact' with reality, but also elements of internal dialogue or, better still, moments of stopping that "steady monologuy of the interiors" [FW.119.32-33.] → "I've told you that the internal dialogue is what grounds us," don Juan said. "The world is such and such, or so and so, only because we talk to ourselves about its being such and such or so and so." ... "Whenever the dialogue stops, the world collapses and extraordinary facets of ourselves surface; as though they had been kept heavily guarded by our words." (Carlos Castaneda: Tales of Power)

lifelong - lasting or continuing for a lifetime + all the livelong day - all day long.

telltale - betraying, revealing, informing + dell = dale - valley.

dapple - to variegate with rounded spots or cloudy patches of different colour or shade + FDV: & all the livvylong night [the delldale dalppled dappling dalppling night, the night of blue hells bluerybells bluerabells]

bluebell - a species of Campanula (C. rotundifolia) which grows on open downs, hills, and dry places, and flowers in summer and autumn, with a loose panicle of delicate blue bell-shaped flowers on slender peduncles + Plurabelle + blurry bells.

flit - to move about lightly + flitt (obs.) - fleet, fleeting; light + flute - a high-pitched woodwind instrument + FDV: her flutaflute flitafluta flitaflute [in tricky trochees (how O carina! how O carina!)] [shall] wake him  

tricky - manifesting trickery, intricate, ingenious

trochee - a metrical foot of one long plus one short syllable

carina - the two petals forming the base of a papilionaceous corolla + carina (it, fem) - lovely, pretty, nice + o carina! (it) - that's nice!, nice girl! + O carina! O carina! - four trochees.

Issy + FDV: [with her kitti issavan essavans & her patterjackmartins

Vanessa [nathandjoe FW 003.12]

patter - babble, chatter + Peter, Jack, Martin - in Swift's Tale of a Tub, they are the Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran churches. In FW they are also the Three.

houses (inns and public houses) + ins and outs - the small details + in-and-out (Slang) - copulation + FDV: [and about all the them inns & ouses.]

till - to put (money) into a till; to labour, cultivate; to take care + telling.

teel = till + a tale of a tub - an apocryphal tale; a 'cock and bull' story + Swift's A Tale of a Tub.

tum - the sound of plucked string, the sound of a drum; tummy + tum (l) - than + The Egyptian god Atum, was the chief deity of the city Iunu or Annu (Heliopolis), who was worshipped in the primary temple, known as Per-Aat ('Great House') and Per-Atum (written pr-ỉtmw 'Temple [lit. 'House'] of Atum').

teary - tearful, pathetic + Dear Dirty Dublin - Lady Morgan's epithet becomes in FW a paradigm of punning. Before modern paving came in, Dublin's streets were in fact notorious for their grime; something to do with the cobblestones and the soil in which they were laid. 

taub (l) - deaf + FDV: tilling Tilling a teel of a tub tum, telling a toll of a tears teary turdy Tublin.]]]]]

glutton - to feed voraciously or excessively + grace before meat - a short prayer giving thanks to God for one's food, usually including the line, "For what we are about to receive may the Lord make us truly thankful".

gif - if, whether + FDV: For what we are, and if we are, about to believe.

gross - thick, stout, massive, big (obs.)

Grace: 'For what we are about to receive may the Lord make us truly thankful.'

Begg, James - a fishmonger in Kingstown, Dublin + Hen's beg (nabsack) + pull the bell + POOLBEG - Deep anchorage (Irish, "the little hole") in Dublin Bay beyond the Pigeonhouse. The Poolbeg lighthouse is at the end of the South Wall. Before the lighthouse, a Poolbeg lightship marked the anchorage + "O Atum-Khoprer, you became high on the height, you rose up as a bnbn-stone in the Mansion of the Benu in Iunu (Heliopolis)." (Pyramid Texts, utterance 600). 

kish - a large square wicker basket used in Ireland for carrying peat + Kish lightship, Dublin + Joyce's note, Circe: 'Vanessa Pete, Jack & Martin, pass the fish' + FDV: So pass the kish [& pooll the begg].

craw - stomach + So pass the fish for Christ sake, Amen.

"It was then that the Nagual knew that he ought to acquaint me with the wind instead. That was, of course, after he got an omen. He had said, over and over that day, that although he was a sorcerer that had learned to see, if he didn’t get an omen he had no way of knowing which way to go. He had already waited for days for a certain indication about me. But power didn’t want to give it. In desperation, I suppose, he introduced me to his guaje, and I saw Mescalito." (Carlos Castaneda: The Second Ring of Power)

grandpapa - grandfather + grampus - Orca gladiator (whale) + London Bridge Is Falling Down (song).

granny - grandmother + Granny in Dostoyevsky's novel The Gambler, who proceeds to gamble away the family inheritance at roulette + Granuaile or Grace O’Malley.

sweep the board - to win all the prizes (esp. in roulette) + spread the board - to lay the table for a meal + spritz (ger) - spray + bord (Irish) - table.

whase - who is, what is (Archaic) + FDV: So sigh us! Whose Whase on the gyant goint joyiant giant joint joyant joiyorite joint of a dish desh? Finfaw Finnfoefaw the Fush.

joint - piece of meat roasted or for roasting and of a size for slicing into more than one portion + joyant - joyous + giant.

dish + on the point of death.

feefawfum - the first line of doggerel spoken by the giant in the nursery tale of 'Jack the giant killer' upon discovering the presence of Jack: "Fee-fi-fo-fum, I smell the blood of an Englishman. Be he alive or be he dead, I'll grind his bones to make my bread." The giant then tells his wife, "I smell an English man. I am sure I am right this time. Cook him for my supper." + William Shakespeare: King Lear III.4.174: 'Fie, foh, and fum'.

be = by + FDV: What's at his baken head? A loaf of Singpatherick's Singpantry's Keannedy's bread.

baken - baked, as bread or meat + baken meat - pastry + baken (Dutch) - beacon + baked bread + bacon head.

hops - the bitter fruit of the hop, Humulus lupulus, an ingredient used in the brewing of stout + top of his tail.

tail - the part opposite to what is regarded as the head; the refuse or dross remaining from processes such as distilling or milling + top and tail - from head to foot.

Kennedy's Bread, baked in Saint Patrick's Bakery, Dublin. 

hitch - to fasten by something that catches, to connect with a moving vehicle so as to be towed along + FDV: And what's at his hitched to hop in his tail tayl tayle?

Daniel O'Connell - first of the great 19th-century Irish leaders in the British House of Commons + Danu - mother-goddess of Tuatha Dé Danann + O’Connell's Ale, brewed in the Porter Brewery, Dublin (later renamed Phoenix Brewery), which was owned by Daniel O’Connell's son.

dobbelen (Dutch) - to gamble, gambling + FDV: A glass of O'Connell's O'Donnell's Danu U'Dunnell's famous foamous old Dublin oldublin ale olde Dubbelin ayle.

FDV: But Holystone Holeystone, what do I see? In his reins is planted a 1/2d gaff. Not one but legion. The king of the castle is k.o. The almost rubicund salmon of all knowledge is one with the yesterworld of But, lo, as you would quaffoff of his fraudstuff and sink teeth through the that pyth of an earthenborn pan of his flowerwhite body behold of him nowheremore. Finnish.

lo - used to direct attention to the presence or approach of something, Look! See! Behold!

quaff off - to drain (a cup, etc.) in a copious draught or draughts, to drink (liquor) copiously

fraud - deceit + foodstuff + Sigmund Freud.

pyth = pith - inner part or core of something; the soft, spongelike, central cylinder of the stems of most flowering plants ("flowerwhite bodey") + to the pith - thoroughly, to the very core.

bodey (obs.) - body + FDV: and sink teeth through the that pyth of an earthenborn pan of his flowerwhite body behold of him nowheremore. Finnish.

behemoth - great and monstruous beast. Untranslated name of an amphibious animal mentioned in the Book of Job 40:15-24. Behemoth is the primal unconquerable monster of the land, as Leviathan is the primal monster of the waters of the sea; both are emblematic of the mystery of God's creation.

no more - no longer existent; departed, dead, gone + FDV: behold of him nowheremore. Finnish.

(fading photograph) + REFERENCE + FDV: The Only a fadograph of yesterworld's a yesterworld.

yestern - of or pertaining to yesterday + western.

rubicund - ruddy + FDV: Almost rubicund salmon, he ancient of the ages of the Agapemonites, he pales to kay oh, loaf, life & goodredherring schlook, slice & goodridherring

Salmanasar - king of Assyria + Salmo salar - the Linnaean name for the Atlantic salmon (both words being related to the Latin salire, "to leap") + REFERENCE + FDV: The king of the castle is k.o. The almost rubicund salmon of all knowledge is one with the yesterworld of

agapemone - a free love institution + agapemon (gr) - loved one + Agapemones - a 19th Century religious community which practised 'agapes', or 'love-feasts'.

smolt - a young salmon; to make off, go, escape + molten.

woebegonne - exhibiting great woe or sorrow + canned - put up or preserved in a can, tinned + wohlbekannt (ger) - well known.

dead off (Military Slang) - Of meat or food: spoiled + dead on - accurate and to the point.

summen (ger) - to sing; to hum, buzz, ring + someone + salmon.

schluck (ger) - gulp, swallow + neither fish, flesh nor good red herring: (phrase) - neither one thing nor another; not fish (food for the monk), nor flesh (food for lay people), nor red herring (food for the poor).

Schluss (ger) - the end + slice + FDV: he ancient of the ages of the Agapemonites, he pales to kay oh, loaf, life & goodredherring schlook, slice & goodridherring

'good red herring' (Joyce's note, Circe) + red herring - a kipper; a dried, smoked and salted herring, the curing process turning the fish red. To draw a red herring across the path means to try and divert attention from the main question or objective by raising a side issue; in fox-hunting, a red herring drawn acoss the fox's path destroys the scent and leads the dogs astray.

FDV: We may see the brontoichthyan form outlined, aslumbered, even in our nighttime by the side of the troutlet stream that bronto loved and loves. What though she be in flags & or flitters, she rowdyrags or sundayclosies, with a mint of money or never a hapenny haypenny hapenny, yerra, we all love all of little Annie Ruiny, or I we mean to say lobble Nanny Anny Rainy, when under her brella, through piddle & poddle, she ninnygoes nannygoes nancing by. There Yaw!

bronto- - thunder + ichtyal - of, pertaining to, or characteristic of fishes + (notebook 1924): 'brontosauros' + Brontosaurus, Ichthyosaurus (extinct dinosaurs).

outline - to define

nighttime - night

sedge - a name for various coarse grassy, rush-like or flag-like plants growing in wet places + edge + FDV: by the side of the troutlet stream

troutling - a little trout + trattling - that 'trattles'; chattering, gossiping.

Bronto(saurus) + bronton (gr) - thundering + Bronté family.

Hic cubat aedilis apud libertinam parvulam (l) - Here sleeps the magistrate with [chez] the little freedgirl + hic (l) - here + cubo (l) - to lie, to sleep + aedilis (l) - temple, building + apud (l) - near + parvulus (l) - very little + "Here lies the edible man. By the tiny freedwoman."

what if - what is or would be the case if? + FDV: What though she be in flags & or flitters,

flag - an apron; one of various endogenous plants, with a bladed or ensiform leaf, mostly growing in moist places + rags

flitter - fragment, shred + tatters + slippers.

reaking rags + FDV: rowdyrags or sundayclosies, [rowdy (obs. slang) - money] 

choses (fr) - things + Sunday clothes + Ragged Schools (created by Pound, 1818) and Sunday Schools, inspired by Raikes (1736-1811).

mint - coin, money, a vast sum (as of money)

goldmines + mint of money - 'a lot of money'.

pennyweight - a measure of weight, equal to 24 grains, 120 of an ounce Troy, or 1240 of a pound Troy + FDV: with a mint of money or never a hapenny haypenny hapenny,

arrah - an interjection used at the beginning of a clause in an expostulatory or deprecatory sense

anny - fenny, marshy (from Anglo-Irish: eanaigh)

Little Annie Rooney (song) + FDV: yerra, we all love all of little Annie Ruiny,

unda (l) - wave + under her umbrella + FDV: or I we mean to say lobble Nanny Anny Rainy, when under her brella,

piddle - urine, an act of urinating; a trifle, nonsense

med (Danish) - with + amid.

puddle - a small body of standing water

ninny - a simpleton; a fool

nanny = nannygoat - a she-goat + "on Ben Howth rhododendrons a nannygoat" (Ulysses.8.911).

dancing + FDV: through piddle & poddle, she ninnygoes nannygoes nancing by. There Yaw!

Yog-Sothoth "Nor is it to be thought... that man is either the oldest or the last of earth's masters, or than the common bulk of life and substance walks alone. The Old Ones were, the Old Ones are, and the Old Ones shall be. Not in the spaces we know, but between them, they walk serene and primal, undimensioned and to us unseen. Yog-Sothoth knows the gate. Yog-Sothoth is the gate. Yog-Sothoth is the key and guardian of the gate. Past, present, future, all are one in Yog-Sothoth. He knows where the Old Ones broke through of old, and when they shall break through again..." (H. P. Lovecraft, The Dunwich Horror, citation from Necronomicon)

brontolone (it) - grumbler

slaap - sleep + FDV: Brontolone sleeps & snores in Benn Eder & in Seepeall of Iseut too.

snoore - snore

Ben Edar = Binn Éadair (Irish) - anciently Howth, said to be named for Edar, a Dedanaan chief, buried on the hill + Joyce's notes, Circe: 'Ben Edin, the magazine wall, Walhalten, up lads' + Benben or Ben-ben, in Egyptian mythology, specifically in the Heliopolitan tradition, was the mound that arose from the primordial waters, Nu, and on which the creator god Atum settled. In the Pyramid Texts, e.g. Utterances 587 and 600, Atum himself is at times referred to as "mound". It was said to have turned into a small pyramid, located in Annu, which was the place Atum was said to dwell within. Giza and Heliopolis were connected by the "Sacred Roads of the Gods".

Seipéal Iosaid (Irish) - Chapelizod, a village just outside Dublin + Heliopolis or Iunu, from the transliteration ỉwnw, probably pronounced *Āwanu, and means "(Place of) Pillars".

cranic - of or belonging to a skull, cephalic + FDV: The cranial head of him, castle of his reason, look yonder. Howth?

caster - one who casts, in various senses of the verb

peer - to look narrowly, esp. in order to discern something indistinct or difficult to make out

yond = yonder + yondermost - farthest, most distant.

whoot - a loud inarticulate exclamation, hoot + Howth + who/what?.

feet of clay - a surprising weakness or fault in character esp. in someone or something that is highly approved of + FDV: His lay clay feet, swarded with verdure, stick up where he last fell on em, by the hump of the magazine wall, where our Maggy Maggies seen all couldn't help keep it at all with her sister-in-shawl.

sward - to cover with sward

verdigris - a green or greenish blue substance (basic acetate of copper) that forms on copper domes + verde (it) - green.

stick up - to stand out from a surface; to project

starck = stark (obs.) - rigid, stiff, incapable of movement.

fell on them + fall on one's feet - to be fortunate or successful after being in an uncertain or risky situation + "And it was then that Nyarlathotep came out of Egypt. Who he was, none could tell, but he was of the old native blood and looked like a Pharaoh. The fellahin knelt when they saw him, yet could not say why." (H. P. Lovecraft, Nyarlathotep)

mund - protection; mound, hill + FDV: stick up where he last fell on em, by the hump of the magazine wall,

MAGAZINE FORT, PHOENIX PARK - At the SE corner of the "Fifteen Acres," on St Thomas's Hill in the Park, built on the site of the old Phoenix or Fionn Uisge House in 1801. The buildings of the Magazine are surrounded by a ditch and wall. Even in his madness, Swift quipped: "Behold a proof of Irish sense, / Here Irish wit is seen; / When nothing's left that's worth defence, / They build a magazine" (PICTURE)

The Letter: well Maggy + FDV: where our Maggy Maggies seen all couldn't help keep it at all with her sister-in-shawl.

sister (Issy's reflection) in shawl 

over against - opposite to + FDV: Wile over against this belle alliance beyind the Ill Sixty, bagsides of the fort, bom, tarabom, tarrarabom, are the ambushes the scene of the lying- lyffing-in-wait of the threetimesthree upjack & hackums.  

belles - beautiful girls (Issy and her "sister") + LA BELLE ALLIANCE - Village on the battlefield of Waterloo, South of Mont St Jean. The battle and battlefield of Waterloo are most commonly called on the continent "La Belle Alliance." Wellington and Blucher met there as the battle drew to a close + Bell, Currer, Ellis, Acton - pen names of the Brontës, who dominate this paragraph.

behind + beyond.

Hill 60 - In WW I, an important feature of the Ypres salient, SE of Ypres. Changed hands many times in 1st (Oct-Nov' 14) and 2nd (Apr' 15) Battles of Ypres (not 3rd).

hollowed hill 

back side - the back, the back premises, back yard (the outhouse in HCE's backyard) + bagside (Danish) - back, rear.

bom - the sound caused by the discharge of a gun, less deep and sonorous than a 'boom'. Also, the sound of a heavy object falling + (a drumbeat of military band).

lurk - prowl + look - to guard oneself, beware.

Ombos - ancient seat of Set + ambushers (*VYC*) + FDV: are the ambushes the scene of the lying- lyffing-in-wait of the threetimesthree upjack & hackums.

Liffey river + "To give reality to the dream-haunters is to give birth to the dark influx of forces that are ever waiting to gain access to the human life-wave. Those gliphotic entities are known as the Liers-in-wait." (Kenneth Grant: Outside the Circles of Time)

"Up guards and at 'em!" - Wellington's order in the last charge at Waterloo + Sigmund Freud, Wit and Its Relation to the Unconscious: "Is this the place where Wellington said ‘Up, guards, and at them?’ ... Yes, this is the place. But he never said those words." + As I Went Up the Brandy Hill (song): 'Up Jock'.

hokum - a device found to elicit display of mirth, something worthless or untrue + hack - to cut to pieces with a sword + FDV: of the threetimesthree upjack & hackums.

Jimmy (James Joyce) + Wait Till the Clouds Roll By, Jenny (song) - a broadside ballad published in 1884: "Jenny, my own true loved one, / I'm going far from thee, / Out on the bounding billows, / Out on the dark blue sea. / How I will miss you, my darling, / There when the storm is raging high, / Jenny, my own true loved one, / Wait till the clouds roll by."

proud - desirous of copulation; a bitch at heat, or desirous of a dog + Proud, Nicholas - secretary of the Dublin Port and Docks Board in the late 19th Century + bird's-eye view - a view of a landscape from above, such as is presented to the eye of a bird.